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ESG glossary: A quick dive into climate terminologY and acronyms

The race to net-zero is on, with countries and companies pledging to reduce their carbon emissions in the next few decades. This is all done in hopes of limiting the rise in global average temperatures to below 1.5°C. If it goes beyond that number, there will be irreversible impacts on the earth and our way of living.

This climate target-setting language, however, often uses scientific terminologies and acronyms that may not make sense to the general public. Here are some common ones:

Global warming: The increase in global average temperature from human-made greenhouse gases. Scientists expect global average temperatures to reach or exceed 1.5°C within the next few decades, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The climate had already warmed up by 1.1°C since pre-industrial times (starting in 1850), according to a 2021 IPCC report.



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